Location of Bhutan is a small, landlocked country located in the eastern Himalayas. China borders it to the north and India borders it to the south, east, and west. The country has a total area of 38,398 sq. kilometers, making it approximately the same size as Switzerland.
Bhutan is predominantly mountainous, with the highest peak being Gangkhar Puensum at 7,550 meters. Rugged terrain, including high peaks, deep valleys, and fast-flowing rivers, characterizes the country. The country has diverse climates, ranging from subtropical in the south to alpine in the north.
Bhutan shares political borders with several countries and states. In the north, Bhutan borders Tibet, which is an autonomous region under China. To the east, Bhutan borders the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Bhutan borders Assam and West Bengal in the south.
Bhutan, a small, landlocked nation, has managed to retain its sovereignty throughout its history. Its government combines a hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary democracy, making it a unique system. While Bhutan has close cultural and economic connections with India and other neighboring countries, it has still managed to maintain its independence and autonomy. This is a testament to Bhutan’s ability to preserve its cultural and political traditions, despite being surrounded by larger and more influential nations. Bhutan’s commitment to preserving its sovereignty and autonomy is a source of pride for its citizens and a key part of its identity.