National Symbols of the Kingdom of Bhutan starts with The National Emblem of Bhutan is a circle that projects a double-diamond thunderbolt placed above the lotus. There is a jewel on all sides with two dragons on the vertical sides. The thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power while the lotus symbolizes purity. The jewel signifies the sovereign power while the dragons (male and female) stand for the name of the country Druk Yul or the Land of the Dragon.
The National flag is rectangular in shape that is divided into two parts diagonally. The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king while the lower saffron-orange symbolizes the practice of religion and the power of Buddhism, manifested in the tradition of Drukpa Kagyu. The dragon signifies the name and the purity of the country while the jewels in its claws stand for the wealth and perfection of the country.
The national flower is Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Grandis) It is a delicate blue or purple-tinged blossom with a white filament. It grows to a height of 1 meter, on the rocky mountain terrain found above the tree line of 3500-4500 meters. that was discovered in 1933 by a British Botanist, George Sherriff in a remote part of Sakteng in eastern Bhutan. The national flower is Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Grandis). It is a delicate blue or purple-tinged blossom with a white filament and grows to a height of 1 meter, on the rocky mountain terrain found above the tree line of 3500-4500 meters. It was discovered in 1933 by a British Botanist, George Sherriff in a remote part of Sakteng in eastern Bhutan.
The national tree is the cypress (Cupressus torolusa). One may notice many cypresses near temples and monasteries. Cypress trees thrive in the temperate climate zone, typically at elevations between 1800 and 3500 meters. Known for their ability to thrive in harsh, rugged terrain, cypress trees are often symbolized as symbols of bravery and simplicity.
The national bird is the raven. It ornaments the royal crown. Raven represents the deity Gonpo Jarodongchen (raven-headed Mahakala), one of the chief guardian deities of Bhutan.
The Takin (burdorcas taxicolor) serves as the country’s national animal. It holds a significant place in religious history and mythology. The Takin is a rare mammal with a strong neck and muscular legs. It lives in groups and resides in the northwestern and far north-eastern parts of the country at altitudes above 4000 meters. They primarily consume bamboo. Adult Takins can weigh more than 200 kg.
Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan, spoken in the fortress. Bhutan has at least 40 dialects and is a multi-lingual society, with Dzongkha and English used for official written and verbal communication.
The national anthem was first composed in 1953 and became official in 1966. Druk Tshenden Kepay Gyalkhab Na, also known as the “land of the Dragon Kingdom,” is home to cypress growth.
On December 17th, Bhutan celebrates its National Day. Today, on this day in 1907, Trongsa Ponlop Ugyen Wangchuck has crowned the first hereditary king of Bhutan in Punakha Dzong. Every year on the 17th of December, Bhutanese people celebrate the day with pomp and festivity across the country.