Perhaps, Bhutan is the only country in the world to put nature conversation at the top of its development policy. If today Bhutan has the most prosperous natural heritage and biodiversity in the Himalayas, it is because of the deep traditional reverence that the Bhutanese have for nature. Over 70% of Bhutan’s land area is still under forest cover. Many parts of the country have been declared wildlife reserves, and are the natural habitats of rare species of both flora and fauna.
Thus, Bhutan has been aptly described as a natural paradise. It has emerged as a champion of sustainable development, a country that believes in preserving the future. The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan mandates that 65 percent of the land should be under forest cover for all times to come. The forests are home to some of the most endangered flora and fauna in Bhutan.
Located between China and India, Bhutan’s terrains range from the sub-tropical foothills in the south, through the temperate zones, to heights of over 7,300 meters (24,000 feet). Historical records say that Bhutan was known as Lhojong Menjong–‘the Southern Valley of Medicinal Herbs.’ Besides these, wildflowers and plants add to the splendor of the Bhutanese seasons
Bhutan is a small country located in the Himalayas that has dramatically impacted the world of sustainable development. The Bhutanese government has committed to maintaining a balance between economic growth and environmental preservation. This commitment is evident in the country’s decision to become the first carbon-neutral country in the world.
Bhutan has implemented several initiatives to reduce its carbon footprint and promote sustainability. One of the main initiatives is the Bhutan for Life program, which aims to protect and restore the country’s natural habitats and biodiversity. The program focuses on reforestation, the conservation of endangered species, and the development of sustainable agriculture practices.
In addition to these initiatives, Bhutan has implemented policies to promote sustainable tourism and reduce waste. The country has banned the use of single-use plastic bags and has implemented a system for recycling and composting waste.
Bhutan’s dedication to sustainable development is admirable and serves as a model for other countries to follow. By prioritizing the environment and promoting sustainability, Bhutan can provide a better quality of life for its citizens and preserve the natural beauty of the country for future generations.