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Mongar Dzongkhag is located 460 km east of Bhutan’s capital, Thimphu. It sits between 27.25° latitude and 91.2° longitude and covers an area of approximately 1,940.26 sq. km. The elevation of the Dzongkhag ranges from 400-4000 meters above sea level, with a sub-tropical climate in the lower and southern regions and a temperate climate in the northern and higher areas. The summer months can be hot and humid while the winter can be cold.

The Dzongkhags of Trashigang, Lhuentse, Pema Gatshel, Samdrup Jongkhar, Zhemgang, and Bumthang surround Mongar Dzongkhag.The important rivers in the Dzongkhag are the Kuri Chhu, Sheri Chhu, and Dangme Chhu.

The Dzongkhag administratively divides into 17 gewogs and a Dungkhag in Weringla. For elections, it divides into three Demkhongs: Drametse-Ngatshang, Kengkhar-Weringla, and Mongar. Gongdue and Silambi fall under the Weringla Dungkhag, while Kengkhar, Jurmed, and Saling gewogs fall under the Kengkhar Weringla Demkhong. Mongar Demkhong has Mongar, Chali, Drepong, Tsakaling, and Tsamang gewogs. Drametse Ngatshang Demkhong has Balam, Chaskar, Drametse, Narang, Ngatshang, Sherimung, and Thangrong gewogs.

2013 estimates show Mongar Dzongkhag’s population at 41852, evenly split between males and females. Maize and rice are the main crops, with citrus, veggies, dairy, and poultry becoming key income sources.

The Dzongkhag has 63.5 km of feeder roads, 533.4 km of farm roads, and 18.5 km of power tiller tracks. The National Highway runs through the heart of the Dzongkhag, running east to west.

There are 54 schools in the Dzongkhag, with a total of 9,829 students. It also has 1 Regional Referral Hospital, 23 Basic Health Units (BHUs), 52 Outreach Clinics (ORCs), and 9 ambulances to provide health services. Additionally, there are 17 Renewable Natural Resources Extension Centers (RNR) and a Renewable Natural Resources Research and Development Center located in Wengkhar.

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