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Thimphu is the capital city of the Kingdom of Bhutan. Thimphu is the capital and economic center of Bhutan, located on the west bank of the Wang Chuu or Thimphu Chuu valley, and is the fourth highest capital in the world by altitude. It has a strong agricultural and livestock economy, contributing 45% to the country’s GNP.

Brief History of Thimphu

Ere the reign of the Third Druk Gyalpo, Thimphu was just a dzongkhag (district) with a sizable land and population. It was only in 1961 that His Majesty the Third King declared it as the permanent capital. This decision was taken to centralize the administration of the country and to bring development and modernization to the region.

Geography and Altitude

Thimphu extends in a north-south direction on the west bank of the valley formed by the Wang Chuu or Thimphu Chuu. The city ranges in altitude from 2,248 meters (7,375 feet) to 2,648 meters (8,688 feet), making it the fourth-highest capital in the world by altitude. The city’s location in the Himalayas makes it a picturesque and serene place to live in.

Economy and Agriculture

Thimphu, as the political and economic center of Bhutan, has a dominant agricultural and livestock base. Agriculture and livestock contribute 45% of the country’s GNP. The city is surrounded by lush green hills and valleys that are ideal for growing crops and raising livestock. The city also has a growing tourism industry, which is helping to boost the economy.

Tourist Attractions in Thimphu

The famous and highest statue of Buddha Dordenma stands majestically atop Kuensel Phodrang and it is the major tourist site in the city. The statue is 169 feet tall and is made of bronze and gold. The statue is a symbol of Bhutan’s commitment to peace and non-violence. Visitors can climb the stairs to the top of the statue and enjoy the panoramic view of the city.

Thimphu is the capital of Bhutan, serving as its political and economic center. Located in the Himalayas, it ranges in altitude from 2,248-2,648 meters. Agriculture and livestock are dominant industries, contributing 45% of Bhutan’s GNP. Tourism is also growing and boosting the economy. Visitors can enjoy political buildings like the National Assembly and Dechenphodrang monastery, as well as the famous Buddha Dordenma statue.


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